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    • sound therapy studies.

      Clinical sound therapy studies focus on theta brainwaves, the balancing of brain hemispheres and binaural beats:

        • breathwork studies.

          Clinical breathwork studies focus on the autonomic nervous system and vagus nerve:

        • health conditions.

          I’ve hand-picked a range of clinical studies covering the following health conditions:

        • theories.

          I’ve thrown together some topics to ponder whilst stroking your beard thoughtfully:

        “The secret is embracing flow, not attaching to states. Diving into the shadows can be fun too!”Rob Calcutt
        About Rob
        “Every session has given me an altered and beneficial perspective.”Oliver

        study citations.

        sound therapy studies.

        [1] Gerald Oster – Auditory beats in the brain

        [2] Wikipedia – Brainwave entrainment

        [3] Michael Hutchison – Theta brainwaves: “miraculous resolutions” at the crossover point

        [4] Clinique Psyché in Montreal, Quebec – Use of binaural beat tapes for treatment of anxiety: a pilot study of tape preference and outcomes

        [5] Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, UK – A prospective, randomised, controlled study examining binaural beat audio and pre-operative anxiety in patients undergoing general anaesthesia for day case surgery

        [6] Tina L. Huang, PhD & Christine Charyton, PhD – A comprehensive review of the psychological effects of brainwave entrainment

        [7] Lyz Cooper MA, MSc, FICNM – Sound affects: sound therapy, altered states of consciousness and improved health and wellbeing

        [8] Eugene O. Peniston, Ed.D., A.B.M.P.P., B.C.E.T.S., F.A.A.E.T.S. – The Peniston-Kulkosky brainwave neurofeedback therapeutic protocol: The future psychotherapy for alcoholism/PTSD/behavioral medicine

        [9] Centro de Magnetoencefalografía Dr. Pérez Modrego, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain – Impact of auditory stimulation at a frequency of 5 Hz in verbal memory

        [10] – Binaural beats therapy stimulates long life & wellbeing hormones

        [11] Cognitive Brain Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Finland – Structural changes induced by daily music listening in the recovering brain after middle cerebral artery stroke: a voxel-based morphometry study

        [12] Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA – Gamma frequency entrainment attenuates amyloid load and modifies microglia

        [13] The New England journal of medicine – Leisure Activities and the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly

        [14] Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami School of Medicine, USA – Music therapy increases serum melatonin levels in patients with Alzheimer’s disease

        [15] University of Rochester – Effects of music therapy on Huntington’s Disease

        [16] Sage open – Neuro-music therapy for recent-onset tinnitus : a pilot study

        [17] Brain Stimulation – Real-time sonified neurofeedback stimulation for the management and relaxation of patients on the autism spectrum

        [18] Wikipedia – High-intensity focused ultrasound

        [19] UCL Ultrasound therapy for prostate cancer developed

        [20] Klipsch – Digital vs analog audio: an overview

        [21] Wikipedia – Cymatics

        [22] Amazon – The hidden messages in water, Masaru Emoto

        [23] Hans Cousto – The cosmic octave tuning forks

        [24] Wikipedia – Schumann resonances

        [25] Kelly Dickerson, Live Science – Earth’s magnetic field is weakening 10 times faster now


        breathwork studies.

        [26] Wikipedia – Vagus nerve

        [27] PLOS – Relaxation response induces temporal transcriptome changes in energy metabolism, insulin secretion and inflammatory pathways

        [28] Jordan Fallis, Optimal Living Dynamics – How to stimulate your vagus nerve for better mental health

        [29] Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany – Treatment of chronic migraine with transcutaneous stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagal nerve (auricular t-VNS): a randomized, monocentric clinical trial

        [30] The journal of clinical psychiatry – A Breathing-Based Meditation Intervention for Patients With Major Depressive Disorder Following Inadequate Response to Antidepressants: A Randomized Pilot Study

        [31] Sarah Knapton, The Telegraph – Deep breathing calms you down because brain cells spy on your breath

        [32] Wikipedia – Amygdala

        [33] Neuroscience news – Rhythm of Breathing Affects Memory and Fear

        [34] Clinical Research Branch, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, USA – Breathing variability at rest is positively associated with 24-h blood pressure level

        [35] Department of Health and Human Physiology, The University of Iowa, USA – Contrasting effects of afferent and efferent vagal nerve stimulation on insulin secretion and blood glucose regulation

        [36] Division of Preventive and Social Medicine, Pranangklao General Hospital, Nonthaburi, Thailand – Hypoglycemic effect of sitting breathing meditation exercise on type 2 diabetes

        [37] Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, USA – Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness

        [38] Department of Neurology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute (SBRI), Seoul, Korea – Localized cortical thinning in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

        [39] Dept Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, USA – Role of the vagus nerve in the development and treatment of diet-induced obesity

        [40] CSH Press, Learning & Memory – Vagus nerve stimulation reduces cocaine seeking and alters plasticity in the extinction network

        [41] Wikipedia – Hippocampus

        [42] The journal of neuroscience – Nasal respiration entrains human limbic oscillations and modulates cognitive function

        [43] Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Göteborg University, Mölndal, Sweden – Cognition-enhancing effect of vagus nerve stimulation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease: a pilot study

        [44] Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand – Placebo-controlled vagus nerve stimulation paired with tones in a patient with refractory tinnitus: a case report

        [45] Wikipedia – Cytokine

        [46] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA – Vagus nerve stimulation inhibits cytokine production and attenuates disease severity in rheumatoid arthritis

        [47] Wiley online library – Vagus Nerve Stimulation for treatment of partial seizures: 1. A controlled study of effect on seizures

        [48] Epilepsy Foundation – Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)

        [49] Department of Radiology, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, USA – Safety and efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation in fibromyalgia: a phase I/II proof of concept trial

        [50] Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e Cardiovascolari, University of Cagliari, Italy – Vagal nerve stimulation improves cerebellar tremor and dysphagia in multiple sclerosis


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